The Jurisdiction of Saint-Emilion is a wine-growing district north-east of Bordeaux (Gironde, France) covering an area of 7,847 hectares and eight communes. Its current organization goes back to the 13th century. It is delimited in the south by the Dordogne and in the north by the Barbanne, and it is composed of a plateau (partly wooded), hillsides, valleys and a plain. The first traces of human occupation date back to prehistoric times. Archaeological finds indicate that vines were cultivated in the area as early as the 4th century. Agricultural and wine-production activity started to develop around the town in the 8th century, during the life of the hermit Emilion. The interaction between humans and the vine has continued to develop without a break since then, becoming a living heritage. This long history of wine-production has left its mark on the monuments, architecture and landscape of the Jurisdiction. The association of the built and the non-built landscape, of stones, vineyards, wood and water, makes this an outstanding cultural landscape.
Criterion (iii): The Jurisdiction of Saint-Emilion is an outstanding example of a historic wine-production landscape which has survived intact and active up to the present day.
Criterion (iv): The historic Jurisdiction of Saint-Emilion is a remarkable illustration of a clearly delimited area where vines are grown intensively for wine production.